First World Geopark in Indonesia

Batur Mount is an active volcano which located at Kintamani district, Bangli regency, Bali, Indonesia. Mountain with an altitude of 1.717 meters above sea level has a very large caldera and has a beautiful view. Batur Mount caldera is formed by two large eruption that occurred at 29.300 and 20.150 years ago. In the middle of caldera there is a Batur Lake that shaped like a crescent. The length of Batur Lake is about 7,5km and the maximum width is about 2,5km and the total area is approximately 16km square.

Batur Mount is a part of “Pacific Ring of Fire” and becomes one of the most active volcano in Indonesia. Recorded since 1804 the mountain which is now established as a Global Geopark has erupted more than 26 times. Determination of Batur Mount caldera as a Global Geopark is inseparable from the unique geological landscapes and captivating scenery. The uniqueness and the beauty of geology, especially its craters, caldera and Batur Lake, has become a favorite tourism destination in Bali.

Besides of that, from cultural side, the villagers around Batur Mount provides a unique custom that related to Hindu religion in Bali. One of them is cemetery tradition which held in Trunyan Village, Kintamani. In this village, the dead body buried only putted on huge rock in three certain location. Interestingly, the remains were still undergoing the process of decomposition and not spread the stench after the days goes by.

Batur Mount in Bali finally recognized as The First World Geopark in Indonesia. The statement of Batur Mount which becomes The First World Geopark in Indonesia was announced by UNESCO in their official site on 22 September 2012.

Geopark is an area of geological heritages that has an ecological value dan cultural heritages and has a function as an area of conservation, education, and sustainable development. Geopark was assigned in Global Geopark Network (GGN) session, an instituition that formed by UNESCO that held once in 2 years.

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