Knowledge is very important for Balinese. Every Saniscara, Umanis, Wuku Watugunung, they celebrate Saraswati day the knowledge day. It is based on the Pawukon (Balinese Calender) system and the Saniscara (seven day cycle).
Saraswati is the Goddess of Knowledge, symbolized by a beautiful woman with four hands, riding on a white swan among water lilies to tell humanity that scienceis like a beautiful woman. Her hand hold a palm leaf; a lontar ( a Balinese traditional book which is the source of science or knowledge); a chain (genitri with 108 pieces) symbolizing that knowledge is never ending and has everlasting life cycle; and a musical instrument (guitar or wina) symbolizing that science develops through the growth of culture. The swans symbolize prudence, so that one’s knowledge may distinguish between good and evil and the water lilies (Lotus) are symbols of holiness. The Lotus flower is the holiest for Balinese.
This is day before Saraswati day, the day of preparation. All the books and lontar are collected together cleaned and dusted.
- Saraswati Day
The philosophy of Saraswati day is that the most important thing for human life is knowledge. Balinese people bringing offerings to their holy books and scrolls in their houses, while students celebrate it at school, usually in the morning, and the office-workers in their office.
- Banyu Pinaruh
The day after Saraswati day is Banyu Pinaruh Day. This day the Balinese people usually take a bath in the sea or a lake or river and drink traditional medicine which is made from many various leaves which is very good for our health. The philosophy of Banyu Pinaruh day is the second most important thing for human life is good health.
- Soma Ribek
Two day after Saraswati day is Soma Ribek day. This day remind them to be selective when choosing food and not to over eat to improve their health. The philosophy of Soma Ribek day is the third most important thing for human life is food and drink.
- Sabuh Mas
Three day after saraswati day is Sabuh Mas day. This day remind them to be selective when spending money. The philosophy of Sabuh Mas day is the fourth most important thing for human life is cloth and gold.
Four day after Saraswati day is Pagerwesi day. This is second biggest holiday after Galungan day for the Balinese. The philosophy of this celebration is that they must keep knowledge, health, food, cloth, and gold high in their lives to keep the universe in balance.